Children’s Day not actually on May 5th?
In Japan every year on May 5th Children’s Day is celebrated, but internationally World Children’s Day is celebrated on November 20th.
Currently, throughout the world, 1 out of 4 children live in countries or regions that are in a state of emergency with natural disasters or conflict. In 1954 the UN established this day to improve the mutual understanding and welfare for these children. It is a day to recognize the rights children should be born with as well as continue to build a better world for children. November 20th, 1959 is also when the UN adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child. Additionally, on November 20th in 1989, the UN adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
However, there are actually not a lot of countries that celebrate Children’s Day on November 11th. In 1925 in August in Geneva, Switzerland at a World Conference on Child Welfare, International Children’s Day was established. Thus, many countries determined this day, June 1st, to be their official Children’s Day.
Children's Day in Other Countries
As for Japan’s Children’s Day, it is a day to respect the child’s individuality, wish the child’s happiness, and appreciate their parents. This day is celebrates on May 5th. South Korea also celebrated Children’s Day on this date. The first Children’s Day in the world was established in Turkey in 1920.
There is no specific tradition in the US for a Children’s Day but some people use World Children’s Day or International Children’s Day to donate to organizations that help children. In Mexico, Children’s Day is on April 30th. Children go to school on this day but some schools do not have class and have a large party. As for India, Children’s Day, also known as, ‘Baal Diwas’ is on November 14th. This day is to increase the awareness of the rights, welfare, and education of children. In China Children’s Day is celebrated on June 1st as International Children’s Day. On this day there are often discounts on food, movie tickets, and general admissions.